Cardinal directions of the compass in Spanish

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As you can already guess with the title of this post, we are going to express the location according to the cardinal points: North, South, East and West. First remember:

¿DÓNDE ESTÁ BARCELONA?

WHERE IS BARCELONA?

BARCELONA ESTÁ EN ESPAÑA

BARCELONA IS IN SPAIN


 

Now, let’s be a little bit more specific in its location according to the cardinal points:                                              

INGLÉS

ESPAÑOL

TO THE NORTH OF

AL NORTE DE

TO THE SOUTH OF

AL SUR DE

TO THE EAST OF

AL ESTE DE

TO THE WEST OF

AL OESTE DE

TO THE NORTH EAST OF

AL NORESTE DE 

TO THE NORTH WEST OF

AL NOROESTE DE

TO THE SOUTH EAST OF

AL SURESTE DE

TO THE SOUTH WEST OF

AL SUROESTE DE 

IN THE CENTER OF

EN EL CENTRO DE


Then, once again:

¿DÓNDE ESTÁ BARCELONA?

WHERE IS BARCELONA?

BARCELONA ESTÁ AL SUR DE FRANCIA

BARCELONA IS TO THE SOUTH OF FRANCE


♣ Note:

  1. AL SUR; unlike English, in Spanish, we express direction when telling the cardinal points; that’s why we do use the preposition A(To). AL → A EL ⇒ TO THE.    
  2. DE; as we already know, we do use the preposition OF in most of our location expressions to tell a reference point of the noun that we are giving the location of.                                                 

 

¿DÓNDE ESTÁ BARCELONA?

WHERE IS BARCELONA?

BARCELONA ESTÁ AL NORTE DE ESPAÑA

BARCELONA IS TO THE NORTH OF SPAIN

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